Canyons are carved by fast moving rivers and are one of nature’s wonders. They are formed by the process of long term erosion from a plateau and the cliffs form due to the harder rock which is resistant to erosion and remains exposed on the valley walls. Most importantly, canyons offer dramatic landscapes on earth and are known for the beauty which lies hidden beneath the ground. They are also known as gorges across Europe.
1. The Grand Canyon: Located in Northern Arizona, the Grand Canyon is a great tourist attraction in the United States. It was carved over million years by the River Colorado and has a depth of more than 1 mile and is 277 miles long. It is the largest canyon in the world and offers stunning views that are unmatched throughout the world.
2. Antelope Canyon: The Antelope Canyon is one of the most photographed sandstone slots in the world. It has graceful curves in the rock and is made of glowing orange and purple colors. It consists of two photogenic canyons, the Upper and Lower Antelope. Both are beautiful and can be narrow in places that one can stretch his or her arms and touch both the sides.
3. Todra Gorge: This canyon is situated on the remote east side of the High Atlas Mountains and is a popular tourist attraction in Morocco. There is a flat stony track in the final 600 meters of the canyon which is as little as 10 meters wide and 160 meters high.
4. Copper Canyon: This is a network of canyons that are several times larger than the Grand Canyon. The best way to explore the same is on the “Chihuahua al Pacifico” Railway. It passes over 37 bridges and through 86 tunnels. It can also be as high as 2,400 meters above the sea level which gives some splendid views of the canyons below.
5. King’s Canyon: The biggest tourist attraction in the southern desert region of Australia, King’s Canyon has sharp cliffs, enigmatic dome formations and stunning views of the desert. A part of the canyon is a sacred Aboriginal site and visitors are discouraged from walking off the walking tracks.
6. Taroko Gorge: Located near the east coast of Taiwan, Taroko Gorge is the biggest tourist attraction. The canyon is 19 kilometers long and has various hiking trails through the breathtaking scenery of spectacular cliffs.
7. Fish River Canyon: This is the second largest canyon in Arizona and is absolutely magnificent. It features a gigantic ravine and is about 100 miles long and 27 kms wide. It is as deep as 550 meters in some places.
8. Colca Canyon: This canyon is of the Colca River in the Andes mountain range in Peru. It is known for the Andean condors which can be seen at fairly close range as they float on the rising thermals.
9. Waimea Canyon: Located on the western side of Kauai is one of the most colorful canyons in the world. It is 10 miles long and 1 mile wide and 3,600 feet deep.
10. Samaria Gorge: The Samaria Gorge is 16 km long canyon in southwest Crete. More than a quarter million people visit the Gorge each year. It takes about 4-7 hours to walk the gorge which passes through forests of pines and cypresses.
11. Gorge du Verdon: This is a river canyon in south eastern France and is considered to be the most beautiful in Europe. The canyon is 25 kilometers in length and rises 700 meters from the Verdon River below. The river is one of the most beautiful features of the canyon and has become a magnet for climbers and walkers. It is also famous for water sports which include sailing, water skiing, rafting and kayaking.
12. Tiger Leaping Gorge: The Gorge is located on the Yangtze River in southwestern China. 9 miles in length, the canyon passes through a number of rapids which are surrounded by mountains on both the sides and rise 3,000 meters above the river.